VULNERABILITY OF HUMAN SETTLEMENTS AND ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES TO THE OCCURENCE OF NATURAL HAZARDS AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN THE NORTH-EAST REGION
Project number 101/2020; Project code PN-III-P1-1.1-PD-2019-0577
Vulnerabilitatea așezărilor umane și a activităților economice la apariția hazardelor naturale și gestiunea catastrofelor în Regiunea Nord-Est. O premisă pentru planificarea durabilă a teritoriului
Project Leader: Scientific researcher Ph.D Oana-Elena HAPCIUC (CHELARIU)
Implementation period: 1.01.2022-31.12.2023
In the current social and economic context it is necessary to evaluate the directions of administrative-territorial development and socio-economic vulnerability in relation to natural hazards, as the frequency of catastrophic phenomena tends to grow. In order to minimize the loss of human lives and to reduce the economic impact, it is necessary to implement an adequate territorial planning in relation to the spatial distribution of natural disasters. Most settlements from the region of Moldova are located / developed in areas with a high degree of risk, and the events of the past two decades have highlighted the vulnerability of human communities by increasing the material damages and through the reduced absorption capacity of the phenomenon. In this respect, it can be developed a methodology that integrates land susceptibility to natural hazards with socio-economic vulnerability in order to identify the areas that require management plans and preventive measures. The methodology includes three important steps: a) natural hazard assessment through multi-criteria analysis (MCA), which includes the individual analysis of floods, flash floods, landslides and earthquakes and their integration in order to create the multi-natural hazard map; b) application of the vulnerability index (SoVI) at the level of administrative-territorial unit; c) integrating land susceptibility to natural hazards and social vulnerability into an index for an integral evaluation and to identify the models on risk classes at administrative-territorial unit level. The spatial distribution of catastrophes correlated to social vulnerability is a key instrument in sustainable territorial planning. The character of the project is applicative and usable by decision-makers and insurers for territorial – administrative planning.